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    當前位置: 首頁 ? 茶知識 ? 茶葉常識 ? 正文

    想學茶?先備齊這些基本工具!

    放大字體??縮小字體 發布日期:2017-04-21??來源:茶語網??瀏覽次數:25351 ??關注:加關注

     

    我還是一名學生的時候,經常有這樣的體會:每當下定決心要好好學習的時候,都要先把書桌整理干凈,把學習用具備齊,對于“工欲善其事必先利其器”這句話深信不疑。學當然也一樣,若真的下定決定好好學茶,基本的工具自然少不了。

    |水質測試套裝

    要泡好茶,首先要有好水,能憑肉眼辨別好水的人畢竟是少數,所以要借用工具。

    辨別水質有很多個維度,測試工具包含了試紙、測試筆、測試套裝試劑等各種類型。但是如果單純從喝茶來講,PH測試和水質軟硬度測試已經即可。

    PH測試紙

    基本上,對喝茶用水PH值的要求是弱堿性即可,國標規定的飲用水PH值范圍為6.5~8.0之間,只需要將試紙放入水中,再對比比色卡的顏色,就可以輕松做判斷。

    水質硬度檢測筆

    水質軟硬度其實在更大程度上,影響了實際的泡茶質量,而且不同茶類其實對水質的要求有可能不同,所以檢驗需要更加精確。這時候能夠顯示水質不同硬度的檢測筆會很好用。

    一般來說,如果是想要更好真實反映一款茶的特點,用蒸餾水、高純水或者純凈水更為適宜。而如果是想要把一款茶沖泡得完美,則要在眾多優質礦泉水中具體實驗,對比,才能得到最佳選擇。

    |迷你稱

    計算投茶量用的便攜式微型迷你稱,這種稱的稱重范圍一般在1g~100g之間的,精度通常在0.01g,此等神器有三大好處。     

    • 好處1-精準基本用量
    • 使用稱可以更加精確地掌握用茶量,畢竟隨手抓一把泡茶的風險太大。     
    • 好處2 -測試茶量
    • 對于自己喜歡的茶,可以嘗試以不同投茶量下的沖泡。要知道不同投茶量帶來的,不止是濃淡的變化,連香氣滋味都可能有驚喜變化。     
    • 好處3 -培養感覺
    • 習慣稱茶以后,就會發現連自己的手感也會越來越好。隨手一抓,越來越接近適合的投茶量。

    |溫度計

    溫度計多半選用電子溫度計或者紅外線溫度計,測溫范圍在100℃~150℃之間,誤差在1.5℃之間,對于泡茶技術不好的初學者,使用溫度計是一個非常恰當的輔助材料。

    如果是嚴謹的泡茶者,在要求達到100℃時就很容易發現,傳統沖泡過程中會以沸點來判斷茶是否到達100℃的行為真是很不靠譜。因為實際情況是沸點溫度會隨氣壓改變,海拔和天氣都有可能影響茶湯溫度。尤其茶葉的香氣非常細致敏感,溫度稍微差一些,可能有很多香氣物質就無法顯現出來。 

    這些種種細節上的區別,往往差之毫厘,失之千里,所以學茶前期用溫度計觀察整個沖泡過程,可以讓你對各種手法、沖泡細節有很深刻的體會。

    |計時器

    這個工具多半不以實物形式出現,現在手機上多款的APP都可以滿足這個功能。國外早就開發了多個專用于泡茶的計時器版本,曾經一度熱門討論過的Tevana網站還出過一款泡查計時的APP,計時過程伴隨有音樂。

    需要注意的是,用計時器時最好不要緊盯著計時器看,也不要和人聊著天等著時間,要專心觀察茶的變化,培養自己對時間把握的感覺。

    |袖珍顯微鏡 

    一般指便攜型顯微鏡M-10,此袖珍放大鏡乃黑茶愛好者的獨門神器,多為100-200倍,可調焦,專門用來鑒定黑茶中大名鼎鼎的“金花菌”。

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